The Create Foundation conducted a follow-up study of the 2013 survey, which collected data on key areas of life identified by national standards. This follow-up study was completed in 2018 (Create Foundation, 2018). Create plans to publish two reports for analysis of data from the latest survey: (1) on children`s responses to OOHC; and (2) responses from adolescents aged 18 to 25 who have left care. The Victorian government is committed to ensering the safety of all children and adolescents in the care of the home, while reducing the number of children in care at home. In 2015, AIHW conducted a national survey to examine the views of children in home care and to collect data to oppose national standards for out-of-home care (FaHCSIA – NFIWG, 2011). The pilot survey collected national data on 2,083 children aged 8 to 17 years living in OOHC. This study showed that 90.6% of children reported feeling safe and settling into their current mediation (AIHW, 2016b). Adoption in Victoria is the legal procedure by which the guardianship or parental responsibility of a child is transferred to another family and the child is cared for by that family. Except in very rare cases, adoptions can only take place with the consent of the parents. The principle is that if it is not possible to find Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander guardians, children are placed as a last resort with a non-Aboriginal guardian, provided that the relationship between the child and his or her family, community and cultural identity can be maintained (Arney et al., 2015). Family and community services.

(2018) National Survey of Home Care and Home Care Survey (website). Sydney: NSW government. A parent of the child, the child or any other person whose interests are affected by a Department of Health-Human Services decision regarding a child custody agreement may request a review of this decision. Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA) – National Framework Implementation Working Group (NFIWG). (2011). An overview of national standards for extra-family care. A priority project within the national framework for the protection of Australian children 2009-2020. Canberra: FaHCSIA. www.dss.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/pac_national_standard.pdf This resource sheet is intended to inform service providers, practitioners and policy makers about children and adolescents living in out-of-home care (OOHC) in Australia. It provides a snapshot of data on Australian children and adolescents who were cared for in 2016/2017 from Nababen outside the home and carefully identifies the current problems of providing safe and stable care to these children and adolescents. Even if children are housed according to principle, they can separate themselves from their culture.